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A diagnosis of prostate cancer can be overwhelming. This fact sheet will tell you:

  • How to prepare for your appointments
  • The impacts of prostate cancer on fertility and sexual intimacy
  • What questions will help you learn more about your diagnosis

The Importance of Communicating With Your Health Care Team

Your team of doctors, nurses and social workers are there to help. Here are some tips for your appointments.

  • Bring a list of questions. This will help you remember important things to ask. Write down or record the responses so that you do not forget them.

  • Consider bringing a loved one with you. A friend or a family member can help ask questions and provide emotional support.

  • Ask questions about costs. Knowing how much your treatment and medications might cost can help you plan ahead and focus more attention on getting better.

If your doctors and nurses do not know every answer, they may be able to guide you to those who do.

Can My Cancer Affect Fertility or Sexual Intimacy?

Treatment options like radiation can affect your ability to have children. Talk to your health care team about all of your treatment options and their long-term effects.

Prostate cancer can affect your ability to have an erection or other forms of sexual intimacy. A urologist can help, which is a doctor who specializes in the urinary tract and reproductive system. You and your partner may also find many different ways of being intimate with each other.

Questions That You May Want to Ask Your Health Care Team

“What type of prostate cancer do I have?” The most common form of prostate cancer is adenocarcinomas, but there are other kinds.

“What stage is my prostate cancer?” A cancer’s stage means its size and how much it has spread in the body. The higher the number (I, II, III or IV), the more it has spread.

“What are my treatment options?” There are many kinds of treatments for prostate cancer. These can include radiation, targeted treatment cryotherapy and chemotherapy.

“Is there a clinical trial available to me?” Clinical trials test new approaches based on known and effective treatments for cancer. Doctors often urge people to take part in clinical trials if they are available.

“Is surgery an option for me?” If surgery is an option, your health care team can help you get ready. They should be able to explain what the surgery does, what recovery is like and what the effects may be.

“How can I cope with my emotions?” In addition to loved ones, you can find help in places of worship, support groups and counseling. Activities such as meditation and relaxation exercises can also help.

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This fact sheet is supported by Bristol Myers Squibb and an educational grant from Janssen Biotech, Inc., administered by Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC.

Last updated Friday, October 20, 2023

The information presented in this publication is provided for your general information only. It is not intended as medical advice and should not be relied upon as a substitute for consultations with qualified health professionals who are aware of your specific situation. We encourage you to take information and questions back to your individual health care provider as a way of creating a dialogue and partnership about your cancer and your treatment.

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