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A diagnosis of testicular cancer can be overwhelming. This fact sheet will tell you:

  • How to prepare for your appointments
  • The effects on fertility and sexual intimacy
  • What questions will help you learn more about your diagnosis

The Importance of Communicating With Your Health Care Team

Your team of doctors, nurses and social workers are there to help. Here are some tips for your appointments.

  • Bring a list of questions. This will help you remember important things to ask. Write down or record the responses so that you do not forget them.

  • Consider bringing a loved one with you. A friend or a family member can help ask questions and provide emotional support.

  • Ask questions about costs. Knowing how much your treatment and medications might cost can help you plan ahead and focus more attention on getting better.

If your doctors and nurses do not know every answer, they may be able to guide you to those who do.

Can My Cancer Affect Fertility or Sexual Intimacy?

Treatment options like radiation can affect your ability to have children. Talk to your health care team about all of your treatment options and their long-term effects

Testicular cancer can affect sexual intimacy. Being open about your concerns and any changes is the first step to finding help. You and your partner may also find many different ways of being intimate with each other.

Questions That You May Want to Ask Your Health Care Team

The following questions should help you learn key information about your diagnosis and situation.

“What type of testicular cancer do I have?” The most common testicular cancers are germ cell tumors, with there being two main types, seminoma and non-seminoma.

“What stage is my testicular cancer?” A cancer’s stage means its size and how much it has spread in the body. The higher the number (I, II or III), the more it has spread.

“What are my treatment options?” There are many kinds of treatments for testicular cancer. These can include chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery.

“Is there a clinical trial available to me?” Clinical trials test new approaches based on known and effective treatments for cancer. Doctors often urge people to take part in clinical trials if they are available.

“Is surgery an option for me?” If surgery is an option, your health care team can help you get ready. They should be able to explain what the surgery does, what recovery is like and what the effects may be.

“How can I cope with my emotions?” In addition to loved ones, you can find help in places of worship, support groups and counseling. Activities such as meditation and relaxation exercises can also help.

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Last updated Monday, October 23, 2023

The information presented in this publication is provided for your general information only. It is not intended as medical advice and should not be relied upon as a substitute for consultations with qualified health professionals who are aware of your specific situation. We encourage you to take information and questions back to your individual health care provider as a way of creating a dialogue and partnership about your cancer and your treatment.

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